Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that affects the airways, causing them to become inflamed and narrow. This can lead to difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness.
Symptoms can vary in severity and frequency and may be triggered by a variety of factors, such as allergens, exercise, cold air, or stress. Some people with asthma may experience symptoms only during certain seasons or when exposed to specific triggers.
Treatment typically involves a combination of medications, lifestyle changes, and avoidance of triggers. Medications may include inhaled corticosteroids, bronchodilators, and leukotriene modifiers. Lifestyle changes may include maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke.
In addition to medications and lifestyle changes, some people with asthma may benefit from immunotherapy, a type of treatment that involves gradually exposing the body to small amounts of allergens to desensitize the immune system.
It is important for people with asthma to work closely with their healthcare provider to develop an action plan, which outlines steps to take in case of an asthma attack or worsening symptoms. With proper management and treatment, most people are able to live active and healthy lives.