Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder, is a chronic disease that is characterized by a compulsive need to consume alcohol, despite negative consequences. It can cause a range of physical, social, and emotional problems, and can have serious consequences for both the individual and those around them.
Symptoms can include an inability to control the amount or frequency of alcohol consumption, drinking alone or in secret, neglecting responsibilities, and continuing to drink despite negative consequences such as legal problems, relationship issues, and health problems.
Alcoholism can have a range of negative effects on the body, including liver disease, heart disease, and brain damage. It can also increase the risk of certain types of cancer and mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety.
Treatment typically involves a combination of therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. Support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous can also be helpful in providing social support and helping individuals maintain sobriety.
It is important to seek the advice of a healthcare professional if you or a loved one is struggling with alcoholism. With the right treatment and support, it is possible to overcome alcoholism and lead a healthy, sober life.