Arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia, is a condition in which the heart beats irregularly, either too fast or too slow. This can be caused by a disruption in the electrical impulses that regulate the heartbeat.
Symptoms can include palpitations, a racing or fluttering heart sensation, dizziness, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Some people may not experience any symptoms at all.
Arrhythmia can be caused by a variety of factors, including heart disease, high blood pressure, electrolyte imbalances, medications, and stimulants such as caffeine or nicotine. In some cases, arrhythmia can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition, such as coronary artery disease or heart failure.
Treatment can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. Mild cases may not require treatment, while more severe cases may require medication, procedures such as catheter ablation, or implantable devices such as pacemakers or defibrillators.
It is important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing symptoms of arrhythmia, as it can be a sign of a serious underlying condition. Your healthcare provider may perform diagnostic tests such as an electrocardiogram (ECG) or holter monitor to determine the underlying cause of the arrhythmia and develop an appropriate treatment plan.