Arthritis is a term used to describe inflammation of the joints, which can result in pain, stiffness, and limited mobility. There are many different types, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of bones wears down over time, leading to bone rubbing against bone. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the lining of the joints, leading to inflammation and damage. Psoriatic arthritis is a type that can develop in people with the skin condition psoriasis.
Symptoms can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition but may include pain, stiffness, swelling, and limited range of motion in the affected joints. Some people may also experience fatigue, fever, and weight loss.
Treatment typically involves a combination of medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes. Medications may include over-the-counter pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Physical therapy can help improve flexibility, strength, and range of motion, while lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and using assistive devices such as braces or splints can help manage symptoms.
While there is no cure for arthritis, early diagnosis, and treatment can help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional if you are experiencing joint pain or stiffness, as early treatment can help prevent further damage and improve your quality of life.