Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects communication, social interaction, and behavior. It is a spectrum disorder, which means that it affects individuals differently and to varying degrees of severity.
Symptoms may include difficulty with social interaction, communication challenges, repetitive behaviors, and highly focused interests. Children with autism may have difficulty developing language skills, understanding nonverbal communication, or engaging in imaginative play.
The cause is not yet fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Diagnosis typically occurs in early childhood, and early intervention can greatly improve outcomes for individuals with autism.
Treatment options may include behavioral therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, and medication for associated conditions such as anxiety or depression. With appropriate support and treatment, individuals can lead fulfilling lives and make significant contributions to society.