Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the colon or rectum. It typically begins as a small polyp or growth on the lining of the colon, which can then become cancerous over time. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits, and rectal bleeding.
Treatment for colon cancer typically involves surgery to remove the tumor, followed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. Early detection through regular screenings, such as colonoscopies, is important for improving outcomes.