Dark spots, also known as hyperpigmentation, are areas of the skin that appear darker than the surrounding skin. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including sun exposure, hormonal changes, and acne.
Treatment options for dark spots may include topical creams or serums that contain ingredients like hydroquinone, vitamin C, or retinoids. Chemical peels and laser therapy may also be effective in reducing the appearance of dark spots.
Prevention measures for dark spots include wearing sunscreen and protective clothing to limit sun exposure, avoiding picking at acne or other skin irritations, and using gentle skincare products. It is important to speak with a dermatologist to determine the underlying cause of dark spots and to develop an effective treatment plan.