Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is usually caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. Cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms in its early stages, but as it progresses, women may experience symptoms such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during sex, and pelvic pain.
Regular screening, such as a Pap smear or HPV test, can detect precancerous changes in the cervix and allow for early treatment before cancer develops. Vaccines are also available to prevent certain types of HPV infection and reduce the risk
If is detected, treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments, depending on the stage and extent of cancer. It is important for women to discuss their risk factors and screening options with their healthcare provider to help prevent or detect cervical cancer at an early stage.