Appendicitis is a condition in which the appendix, a small pouch located in the lower right side of the abdomen, becomes inflamed and swollen. This can cause a range of symptoms including abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, and loss of appetite.
Appendicitis is typically caused by a blockage in the appendix, which can be due to fecal matter, a foreign object, or a tumor. When the appendix becomes blocked, bacteria can begin to grow and cause inflammation.
Treatment typically involves surgical removal of the appendix, a procedure known as an appendectomy. This is usually done as an emergency procedure to prevent the appendix from rupturing and causing a potentially life-threatening infection.
If left untreated, appendicitis can lead to complications such as abscesses, sepsis, or a ruptured appendix. It is important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing symptoms of appendicitis.
In some cases, the symptoms of appendicitis can be similar to other conditions such as gastroenteritis or ovarian cysts. A healthcare professional will typically perform a physical exam and may order diagnostic tests such as blood tests or imaging studies to make a proper diagnosis.