Overview:

The stereotype that men are smarter than women has a long history but in the battle of the sexes who actually has the superior intellect when it comes down to it? are boys smarter than girls?

Comparison (Research base): 

  • Early studies showed that male brains are 8 to 13 percent larger in volume and female brains however this has since been attributed to differences in body size women’s brains have more Jireh fication or brain folding and as a result a greater cortical surface area besides bigger isn’t always better sperm whales elephants and dolphins all have larger brains than humans and while they are smart their cognitive abilities are less than our own.
  • There are other structural differences though like males having more connections within hemispheres while women have more connections between hemispheres but overall MRI brain imaging shows significant overlap in the physical structure between the sexes, after studying 1,400 brains and comparing the sexes, researchers found that mostly all men and women show a mosaic of female and male typical structures in the brain.
  • The study also evaluated gender stereotypical behaviors like how video games are often considered male behavior while scrapbooking is female and the results found only 0.1% of test subjects displayed only male or only female typical behaviors.
  • Test on intelligence find similar results with major IQ studies showing negligible or no sex differences in general intelligence but do show women having stronger verbal abilities while men show stronger visual spatial abilities interestingly studies show more male variants and tests with their scores being both the worst and the best one meta-analysis of 22 studies did find men to be 3.3 to 5.5 IQ points above women but this study has been called into question by academics who found the methodology  flawed.
  • In academic performance of language math and science women consistently receive better grades in 70% of nations but on SAT testing in the u.s. men towards 33 points higher in math and science. other tests like the program for International Student Assessment show both sexes performing equally in several countries with girls performing better in some like Iceland, suggesting cultural and environmental differences and not necessarily biological differences at play.
  • But research has found that stereotypes about women’s performance actually impact how well they do.
  • When told that a particular math test had significant gender differences women performed significantly worse than their male peers. while women who were told there was no difference scored the same this phenomenon is known as the stereotype threat.
  • Even Google search data shows that parents are 2.5 times more likely to search is my son gifted? then is my daughter gifted? despite 11% more girls in gifted programs in America. and girls pick up on these biases as early as 6 years old when told the story at age 5 about a person who is really really smart both boys and girls associate intelligence with their own gender but by age 6 both girls and boys picked a male character as the smartest. In a similar experiment keeps her asked if they wanted to play a game for people who are really really smart and again at age 5 both sexes wanted to play but by age 6 girls had decided these games weren’t for them.
  • And though women do strive to work in STEM fields the studies show they face barriers. in a double-blind study science faculty from research universities rated application for a lab manager position. what they didn’t know is that the applications were randomly assigned either male or female names. As a result, faculty perceived the male applicant names to be significantly more competent, hireable and deserving of mentoring even though the applications with female names were identical. males were also offered higher starting salaries, an average of 30,000 that versus the females 26,000.

Conclusion:

Though these studies present a sobering reality research does point to greater equality between the sexes with passing decades and education and in spite of these barriers, women continue to contribute to our collective scientific knowledge. rosalind Franklin, allowed us to understand our own DNA at Catherine Johnson helped Apollo 11 land on the moon and in year 2017 Maryam Mirzakhani is the first woman to win a Nobel Prize for mathematics.

So a Mathematician Izabella laba said:

“Mirzakhani’s selection does exactly nothing to convince me that women are capable of doing Mathematical research at the same level as men.
I have Never had any doubt about that in the first place..

what I take from it instead is that we as a society, men and women alike, are becoming better at ancouraging and nurturing mathematical talent in women, and more capable of recognizing Excellence in women’s work.”

to learn more we ask the women  to speak personally about their experiences growing up and give insight into how they navigate the societal pressures of being a woman Check out More Article and subscribe for more weekly science videos every Day.

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