3 Reasons Why People Die To Suicide



Here’s a topic that I post about every once in a while — the 3 reasons why people die to suicide, according to the study of suicidology.⁠

Specifically, this comes from the interpersonal theory of suicide from psychologist Thomas Joiner, detailed in his (very aptly named) book, Why People Die By Suicide.

This is, of course, a very sensitive topic for many.⁠

Yet I choose to talk about it because the stigma against suicide is strong.⁠

As a result, most people have very limited knowledge about suicide…just because they don’t want to talk about it.⁠

But when it happens, that’s when it becomes a tragedy.

This theory not only helps us to explain why people die by suicide but having this understanding allows us to curtail the risk of it via the three factors — perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and acquired capability.

Why People Die To Suicide
Why People Die To Suicide

3 Reasons Why People Die To Suicide

Here are the 3 reasons Why People Die to Suicide:

1. Perceived Burdensomeness: The Weight of Feeling Unworthy

Individuals contemplating suicide often perceive themselves as burdens to others. They genuinely believe that their demise would alleviate the lives of those around them. This distorted perspective intensifies the desire for self-harm.

2. Thwarted Belongingness: Loneliness as a Precursor

The absence of acceptance significantly amplifies the risk of suicide. Even in loneliness, a sense of belonging to a group, whether it’s a club or community, can mitigate the desire for self-harm. Fostering inclusivity is a powerful preventative measure.

3. Acquired Capability: Numbing the Fear of Death

Completing the suicide triad, acquired capability involves desensitization to pain and a weakened fear of death. Complex trauma, repeated self-harm attempts, or instances of self-inflicted harm contribute to this acquired capability, making suicide a more viable option.

Mitigating Suicide Risk: A Call to Action

Understanding these three factors opens the door to risk reduction. Here’s how you can play a part in preventing suicide:

  • Constantly express love and value to those around you.
  • Foster inclusivity by including people in events and reaching out, especially to those who may feel isolated.
  • Keep a vigilant eye on vulnerable individuals, including suicide survivors and those dealing with PTSD.

A Deeper Dive into Joiner’s Theory

For a more comprehensive understanding of the interpersonal theory of suicide, delve into Thomas Joiner’s book, “Why People Die By Suicide.” It provides a nuanced explanation of the psychological underpinnings and offers insights into preventive strategies.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Suicide and its Prevention

What is the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide?

The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, developed by psychologist Thomas Joiner, identifies three key factors leading to suicidal tendencies: perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and acquired capability. It offers insights into understanding and preventing suicide.

How can Perceived Burdensomeness be Addressed?

To combat perceived burdensomeness, it’s essential to foster a culture of open communication and support. Regularly expressing love and appreciation helps individuals feel valued, reducing the distorted belief that they are burdensome.

Why is Inclusivity Crucial in Thwarting Belongingness-related Suicidal Risks?

Thwarted belongingness, driven by loneliness and a lack of acceptance, increases suicide risk. Inclusivity, even in simple gestures like inviting individuals to events, can create a sense of belonging and mitigate the desire for self-harm.

What is Acquired Capability in the Context of Suicide?

Acquired capability involves desensitization to pain and a weakened fear of death, making suicide more feasible. It often stems from complex trauma or repeated instances of self-harm. Understanding this factor is crucial for suicide prevention.

How Can I Contribute to Suicide Prevention in My Community?

Contributing to suicide prevention involves staying vigilant and supportive. Regularly check in on friends and family, particularly those vulnerable to suicide. Encourage open conversations about mental health, and be proactive in seeking professional help when needed.

Share Your Experience

If you found this information helpful or if you can relate to these points, consider sharing your experience. Breaking the silence surrounding suicide is a crucial step in fostering understanding and support.

Health Daily Advice: Your Source for Insightful Articles

Stay tuned to our site, Health Daily Advice, for more articles related to suicide prevention, mental health, and overall well-being. We aim to provide valuable information to promote a healthier and more compassionate society.

In conclusion, tackling the sensitive topic of suicide requires open dialogue, understanding, and proactive measures. By comprehending the interpersonal theory of suicide, we can contribute to breaking the stigma and fostering a supportive environment for those in need.


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